Case Narrative

US Demolition Operations at Khamisiyah

Final Report

April 16, 2002

Many veterans of the Gulf War have expressed concern that their unexplained illnesses may result from their experiences in that war. In response to veterans’ concerns, the Department of Defense established a task force in June 1995 to investigate those incidents and circumstances relating to possible causes. The Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense for Gulf War Illnesses took over responsibility for these investigations on November 12, 1996. Effective April 5, 2001, the Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness) for Gulf War Illnesses, Medical Readiness, and Military Deployments, assumed continued responsibility for Gulf War issues.

Case narratives are reports of what the Department of Defense knows today about specific events that took place during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm of 1990 and 1991. This particular case narrative focuses on the only known destruction of Iraq's chemical warfare agents by US ground forces during or after the Gulf War. The Department published interim narratives on this subject in February 1997 and December 2000. This is a final report because no new information has been received to change the findings and assessments of the narrative. As always, if you believe you have information that may change this case narrative, please call:


William Winkenwerder, Jr., MD
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) and
Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness)
for Gulf War Illnesses, Medical Readiness, and Military Deployments
US Department of Defense
2001131-0000012 Ver. 3.0



A. United States Military Operations at Khamisiyah
B. United Nations Special Commission on Iraq Inspections at Khamisiyah
C. The United States Government Response Regarding Illnesses of Gulf War Veterans
A. Background
B. Pre-Desert Shield Period: May 1976 – August 1990
C. Desert Shield/Desert Storm Period: August 1990 – February 1991
1. Key Military Units Involved
2. Key Events
D. Demolition Operations: March – April 1991
1. From March 1 to March 23: XVIII Airborne Corps Operations
2. From March 24 to April 7: 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment Operations
E. United Nations Special Commission on Iraq Inspections: 1991 – 1992
F. Heightened Government Interest and Congressional Action: 1993 – 1994
G. Intensive United States Government Efforts Commenced: 1995
H. Department of Defense Announced Possible Chemical Weapons at Khamisiyah: January – September 1996
I. Determining Possible Troop Exposure: October 1996 – December 1997
J. Remodeling Effort: January 1998 – March 2000
A. Limited Resources for Assigned Mission
B. Reporting on Iraq’s Chemical Warfare Agent Munitions Markings
C. Monitoring and Analyzing Post-War Events
D. Chemical Weapon and Chemical Warfare Agent Detection Equipment
TAB A – Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Glossary
TAB B – Units Involved
TAB C – Bibliography
TAB D – Methodology for Chemical Warfare Incident Investigation
TAB E – Methodology for Modeling a Possible Chemical Warfare Agent Release
TAB F – Determining Troop Unit Locations
TAB G – Other Khamisiyah-Related Reports
TAB H – Changes in this Report

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