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Research Topics
Health and Human Services Department of Defense Veterans Affairs Health and Human Services Gulf War Information Department of Defense Gulf War Information Veterans Affairs Gulf War Information Home Home Advanced Search Glossary FAQs Site Map Contact Us
 Research Topics    |    Major Focus Areas
Research Topics
ACCIDENTS & INJURIES
BONE, JOINT & MUSCLE
BRAIN & NERVOUS
CANCER
CARDIOVASCULAR
CHEMICAL WARFARE
DIGESTIVE HEALTH
ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
FAMILY HEALTH
GENERAL HEALTH & PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
GENETIC STUDIES
HEALTH RESEARCH OF ALLIED FORCES
IMMUNE/BLOOD SYSTEM
INFECTIONS
LUNG & RESPIRATORY
MENTAL HEALTH
MILITARY WORKING DOGS
MORTALITY/DEATH
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH/OUTCOMES
SLEEP DISORDER
Treatment
VACCINES & PROTECTIVE MEDICATIONS
General Health & Physical Symptoms
General
Project Summary

Title: Health and Exposure Survey of Persian Gulf Veterans
Synopsis: The project's aim was to survey some Persian Gulf War veterans to determine risk factors and their relationships to symptoms that could represent health problems for Gulf War Veterans.
Overall Project Objective: To survey 2,800 Persian Gulf War registry veterans randomly sampled from the Northeast quadrant of the U.S. to determine risk factors and their relationships to symptom clusters that could represent significant health problems for Gulf veterans.
Status/Results to Date: Data collection is complete. We have received 60% of our questionnaires back including 1,161 (60%) from the random group. Symptom data has been preliminarily analyzed. The mean number of endorsed symptoms out of 48 total was 24, with headaches, difficulty remembering, and fatigue being the most bothersome. Factor analysis has identified five factors that characterized those in poor health and a preliminary definition has been presented. Confirmatory factor analyses are now being done and case control analyses will follow.
Project:VA-5A
Agency:Department Of Veterans' Affairs
Location:VAMC East Orange
P.I. Name:Howard Kipen, M.D., MPH
Research Type:Epidemiology
Research Focus:Symptoms & General Health
Focus Category:General Health & Physical Symptoms
Status:Complete
Study Start Date:October 01,1994
Estimated Completion Date:March 31,2000
Specific Aims: 1. To provide health and medical histories of registry veterans who served in the Persian Gulf; 2. To characterize the medical and combat experiences of these veterans during the Gulf war; 3. To perform case control comparisons for various categories and combinations of symptoms with respect to individual and environmental risk factors identified in Aims 1 and 2.
Methodology: The survey was mailed from the VA Environmental Epidemiology Service to veterans who served in the Gulf. This survey was mailed to 2,800 veterans on the Persian Gulf Registry, including, 1,935 selected at random from the registry. This survey includes a symptom checklist, an environmental risk factor survey, a family and social support survey, and anxiety and depression scales. Multivariate analysis of the resulting information will include cluster analysis, principal components factor analysis, and multidimensional scaling. From these analyses we expect to be able to develop one or more case definitions for the unexplained illnesses afflicting Persian Gulf veterans.
Most Recent Publications:

Hallman WK, Kipen H, Diefenbaach M, Kang HK, Wartenberg D, Fiedler N. Defining Gulf War illness: Self-reported health status among VA registry veterans. Conference on Federally Sponsored Gulf War Veterans Illnesses Research, Washington, DC, 1998. Conference

Hodgson M, Kipen H. Gulf War illness: causation and treatment. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 41;(6):443-52, Jun 1999. Abstract

Kipen H, Hallman WK, Kang HK, Fiedler N, Natelson BH. Prevalence of Chronic Fatigue and Chemical Sensitivities in Gulf Registry. Archives of Environmental Health, 54(5) 309-311, 1999. Article

Kipen H, Hallman WK, Kang HK, Fiedler N, Natelson BH. Prevalence of chronic fatigue and chemical sensitivities in Gulf Registry Veterans. Archives of Environmental Health, Sep-Oct;54(5):313-8, 1999. Abstract

Kipen H, Hallman WK, Diefenbach N, Kang HK, Wartenberg D, Fiedler N. Self-reported health status and exposure among Gulf War Registry veterans. ISEE/ISEA Joint Conference 1998, Abstract

Kipen H, Hallman WK, Diefenbaach M, Kang HK, Fiedler N, Natelson BH. Self-reported health status and exposure among Gulf War registry veterans. American Public Health Association, Indianapolis, IN, 1997. Meeting