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Research Topics
Health and Human Services Department of Defense Veterans Affairs Health and Human Services Gulf War Information Department of Defense Gulf War Information Veterans Affairs Gulf War Information Home Home Advanced Search Glossary FAQs Site Map Contact Us
 Research Topics    |    Major Focus Areas
Research Topics
ACCIDENTS & INJURIES
BONE, JOINT & MUSCLE
BRAIN & NERVOUS
CANCER
CARDIOVASCULAR
CHEMICAL WARFARE
DIGESTIVE HEALTH
ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
FAMILY HEALTH
GENERAL HEALTH & PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
GENETIC STUDIES
HEALTH RESEARCH OF ALLIED FORCES
IMMUNE/BLOOD SYSTEM
INFECTIONS
LUNG & RESPIRATORY
MENTAL HEALTH
MILITARY WORKING DOGS
MORTALITY/DEATH
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH/OUTCOMES
SLEEP DISORDER
Treatment
VACCINES & PROTECTIVE MEDICATIONS
General Health & Physical Symptoms
General
Project Summary

Title: The General Well-Being of Gulf War Era Service Personnel from the States of Pennsylvania and Hawaii: A Survey
Synopsis: The study assessed the effects of the Gulf War on the psychological health and adjustment of military personnel in Hawaii and Pennsylvania who either deployed or did not deploy.
Overall Project Objective: Assess the general sense of well-being of Gulf War era veterans in the States of Hawaii and Pennsylvania.
Status/Results to Date: The studied population was generally well adjusted, with subgroups experiencing either physical symptoms, high levels of stress, or both (about 15% of the population). Among those deployed and who reported physical symptoms, neither exposure to combat nor its aftermath bear much relationship to their distress. Only the fact of deployment explains the higher rate of physical symptoms compared those who were not deployed. About 15% of those deployed were experiencing both stress and physical symptoms at the time of the study. Many of these seem at risk for development of further difficulty, particularly PTSD.
Project:DoD-4
Agency:Department Of Defense
Location:Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
P.I. Name:David H Marlowe, Ph. D.
Research Type:Epidemiology
Research Focus:Symptoms & General Health
Focus Category:General Health & Physical Symptoms
Status:Complete
Study Start Date:September 01,1992
Estimated Completion Date:May 20,1994
Specific Aims: Identify groups within the population reporting physical or mental distress and highlight probable causes or contributing factors. Ascertain whether any group within this population was at risk for future development of PTSD related to their Gulf War era experiences. Evaluate the status of the 14th Quartermaster Detachment. Assess the impact of the casualties of the 14th Quartermaster Detachment on the community of Greensburg, Pennsylvania.
Methodology: Citizens of Pennsylvania and Hawaii who served during the period of Operation Desert Shield/Storm were identified and asked to participate in a survey involving questionnaires and interviews (approx. 14,100). Study materials were designed and administered; 4,334 responses were obtained. Data was integrated with responses from an additional 25,000 individuals being studied as part of a larger assessment. Survey instruments and methods included a questionnaire, Impact of Events Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory, PTSD Risk Algorithm, and records/reports from Pacific Center for PTSD and from PTSD Clinical Team, VA Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. The distribution of psychological and illness symptoms in the samples were analyzed, and differences in psychological and physical symptoms between deployers and nondeployers were examined.
Most Recent Publications:

Stretch RH, Bliese PD, Marlowe DH, Wright KM, Knudson KH, Hoover CH. Physical health symptomatology of Gulf War-era service personnel from the states of Pennsylvania and Hawaii. Military Medicine, 160(3):131-6, Mar 1995. Abstract

Stretch RH, Marlowe DH, Wright KM, Bliese PD, Knudson KH, Hoover CH. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among Gulf War veterans. Military Medicine, 161(7):407-10, Jul 1996. Abstract

Stretch RH, Bliese PD, Marlowe DH, Wright KM, Knudson KH, Hoover CH. Psychological health of Gulf War-era military personnel. Military Medicine, 161(5):257-61, May 1996. Abstract