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Research Topics
Health and Human Services Department of Defense Veterans Affairs Health and Human Services Gulf War Information Department of Defense Gulf War Information Veterans Affairs Gulf War Information Home Home Advanced Search Glossary FAQs Site Map Contact Us
 Research Topics    |    Major Focus Areas
Research Topics
ACCIDENTS & INJURIES
BONE, JOINT & MUSCLE
BRAIN & NERVOUS
CANCER
CARDIOVASCULAR
CHEMICAL WARFARE
DIGESTIVE HEALTH
ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
FAMILY HEALTH
GENERAL HEALTH & PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
GENETIC STUDIES
HEALTH RESEARCH OF ALLIED FORCES
IMMUNE/BLOOD SYSTEM
INFECTIONS
LUNG & RESPIRATORY
MENTAL HEALTH
MILITARY WORKING DOGS
MORTALITY/DEATH
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH/OUTCOMES
SLEEP DISORDER
Treatment
VACCINES & PROTECTIVE MEDICATIONS
General Health & Physical Symptoms
General
Project Summary

Title: Risk Factors Among US Army Soldiers for Enrolling on the Department of Veterans Affairs Gulf War Registry
Synopsis: A study of Gulf War veterans to investigate method(s) to identify unique characteristics that may lead to adverse health effects caused by service in a War Zone. These characteristics could then be used for targeted intervention before and after future deployments.
Overall Project Objective: Determine the presence of unique characteristics (demographics, aptitude test scores, self-reported health behaviors, past hospitalizations) of Army personnel enrolled in the VA Registry of Persian Gulf veterans.
Status/Results to Date: Data analysis presented at the Armed Forces Epidemiology Boards December 1996 meeting. The study determined that existing data sources cannot be used, solely, to predict a soldier's likelihood of having significant post-deployment adverse health outcomes or a high level of concern about potential health effects of the deployment.
Project:DoD-14
Agency:Department Of Defense
Location:Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
P.I. Name:James Writer, MPH
Research Type:Epidemiology
Research Focus:Symptoms & General Health
Focus Category:General Health & Physical Symptoms
Status:Complete
Study Start Date:October 01,1993
Estimated Completion Date:April 01,1997
Specific Aims: There were two specific aims of this hypothesis-generating study. The first was to investigate logistical, epidemiological, and statistical methodologies for obtaining, combining, and analyzing records. These techniques will be needed for future studies on reported post-deployment illnesses in soldiers who served in the Gulf War, and will also be applicable in evaluating the health effects of future deployments. The second aim was to determine which characteristics (to include demographics, past medical history, and health risk behaviors) of soldiers who have been enrolled in the VA Gulf War registry differ from those who have not enrolled. Ultimately, this information can be used to identify soldiers at a high-risk of reporting post deployment medical problems. These soldiers may be targeted for interventions before or after their deployment to reduce the risk adverse health effects attributable to service in a war zone.
Methodology: Using case-control methodology the investigators studied the association between Gulf War veterans' various demographic, medical, or health behavior characteristics and their probability of enrolling in the Gulf War registry. The study population consisted of individuals on the VA database and controls from the Defense Manpower Data Centers (DMDC) roster of Gulf War participants. Characteristics evaluated included demographic factors, recruit applicant aptitude test scores, pre-deployment self-reported health behaviors, and pre-deployment health care utilization as are represented by hospitalizations in military hospitals. These data are available in already existing Army or DoD databases, however, all data may not be available for all study subjects.
Most Recent Publications:
None to date.