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Research Topics
Health and Human Services Department of Defense Veterans Affairs Health and Human Services Gulf War Information Department of Defense Gulf War Information Veterans Affairs Gulf War Information Home Home Advanced Search Glossary FAQs Site Map Contact Us
 Research Topics    |    Major Focus Areas
Research Topics
ACCIDENTS & INJURIES
BONE, JOINT & MUSCLE
BRAIN & NERVOUS
CANCER
CARDIOVASCULAR
CHEMICAL WARFARE
DIGESTIVE HEALTH
ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
FAMILY HEALTH
GENERAL HEALTH & PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
GENETIC STUDIES
HEALTH RESEARCH OF ALLIED FORCES
IMMUNE/BLOOD SYSTEM
INFECTIONS
LUNG & RESPIRATORY
MENTAL HEALTH
MILITARY WORKING DOGS
MORTALITY/DEATH
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH/OUTCOMES
SLEEP DISORDER
Treatment
VACCINES & PROTECTIVE MEDICATIONS
General Health & Physical Symptoms
General
Project Summary

Title: Health Status of Current National Guard Members
Synopsis: This study will evaluate the current health of a group of national guard members, then follow the group for changes in their health over many years, in order to learn more about the health effects of deployments, job strain, and other factors.
Overall Project Objective: Describe the current health status of a specific Army National Guard (ARNG) population using methods that permit comparison with other populations; examine the effect of job strain of ARNG service on service members health and civilian job outcomes; and determine whether there is a correlation between retention in the ARNG and health status. In a supplemental project, a prospective field study involving an ARNG group deploying to Bosnia and a comparison group (non-deployed) in 2001 will examine potential changes in health related to deployment.
Status/Results to Date: For the survey study, data collection has been initiated and is ongoing. For the deployment health study, the pre-deployment study phase with the ARNG Bosnia-deployed group has been completed, the initial study phase with the comparison (non-deployed) group is in progress, and the during-deployment assessment of the Bosnia-deployed group is in the planning stages. We have initiated a website (www.nationalguardstudy.org) to provide further information to research study subjects about the objectives and progress of the ongoing research studies. Of the 648 ARNG members, 120 (19%) had left the service by 1993 and 284 (44%) had left and were civilians six years later. Compared to the civilians, those individuals remaining in the ARNG six years after deployment were more likely to have had less education and have been older, married, and officer at the time of their GW deployment. Also, they reported more leadership support within their GW unit compared to those who were civilians six years after the GW. Physical functioning levels six years post-GW service modified, but did not confound, the relationship between certain GW-deployment factors and ARNG retention. From analyses of longitudinal data collected, we addressed issues outlined in the project objectives of this funded study.
Project:DoD-108
Agency:Department Of Defense
Location:Boston University, School of Public Health
P.I. Name:Susan P Proctor, DSc
Research Type:Epidemiology
Research Focus:Symptoms & General Health
Focus Category:General Health & Physical Symptoms
Status:Ongoing
Study Start Date:January 24,2000
Estimated Completion Date:February 23,2003
Specific Aims: See objectives.
Methodology: Two projects are being conducted under this funding award: 1. Cross-sectional epidemiology study involving a mail survey to all current Massachusetts Army National Guard members and those who have left the ARNG within the past 3-4 years; 2. Deployment health research field study involving the collection of general health information via questionnaire, interview, and computer-assisted neuropsychological testing at three time points: pre-, during- and post-deployment. These two research studies are some of the first to focus exclusively on the role that one's Army National Guard job plays on health status and quality of life. Recent efforts in the area of deployment health and force health protection appear largely focused in the Active duty arena. As has been identified by the Institute of Medicine (2000), there is a need to focus research efforts on National Guard and Reserve forces in order to learn more about their specific issues and concerns in the current military climate.
Most Recent Publications:

Proctor SP, Rosenman E, Heeren T, Wolfe J. Characteristics of Army personnel remaining in the National Guard six years after Gulf War deployment: A descriptive analysis. Conference on Illnesses among Gulf War Veterans. A Decade of Scientific Research, Manuscript in preparation, Jan 2001. Presentation

Wolfe J, Proctor SP, Erickson DJ, Hu H. Risk factors for multisymptom illness in US Army veterans of the Gulf War. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 44(3):271-81. 2002. Abstract