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File: 0000002.txt
Page: 0002
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    9.   IRAQ HAS AN INVENTORY OF AN ESTIMATED 50 SlLKWORMS THAT
    HAVE A MAXIMUM EFFECTIVE RANGE OF APPROXIMATELY 50 NM (FUEL
    EXHAUSTION RANGE 60 NM). DURING THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR, IRAQ LAUNCHED
    SILKWORMS AGAlNST OIL TANKERS TRANSITING TO BANDAR KHOMEINI BUT HAD
    LITTLE SUCCESS BECAUSE THE MISSILES WERE USED AT THE EDGE OF THEIR
    RANGE ENVELOPES. APPROXIMATELY 1 IN 10 MISSILES HIT ITS TARGET.
    ALTHOUGH IRAQ HAS NOT FIRED A SILKWORM SINCE 1985, THE NAVY PROBABLY
    HAS THE CAPABILITY TO USE THE SYSTEM EFFECTIVELY AT SHORTER RANGES.
    10.  THE IRAQI NAVY HAS A SMALL CONTINGENT OF SEVEN SUPER
    FRELON HELICOPTERS, FOUR OF WHICH MAY BE OPERATIONAL. THE SUPER
    FRELONS CARRY THE AM-39 EXOCET ANTISURFACE MISSILE AND, WITH A
    COMBAT RADIUS OF APPROXIMATELY 150 NM, THREATEN SHIPPING IN THE
    NORTHERN PERSIAN GULF. SUPER FRELONS OPERATED WITH SOME SUCCESS
    AGAINST MERCHANT CONVOYS TRANSITING TO BANDAR KHOMEINI DURING THE
    WAR.
    
    OUTLOOK
    
    11.  THE IRAQI NAVY IS A COASTAL DEFENSE FORCE THAT CANNOT
    EFFECTIVELY OPERATE FAR FROM TERRITORIAL WATERS. ITS SHIPS,
    AIRCRAFT, AND COASTAL DEFENSE MISSILES POSE A MINIMAL THREAT TO US
    NAVAL FORCES. NONETHELESS, IRAQ CAN COVERTLY DEPLOY A VARIETY OF
    BOTTOM-INFLUENCE AND MOORED-CONTACT MINES THAT WOULD CREATE A HXZARD
    TO ALL SHIPPING IN THE GULF.
    

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