TAB A - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Glossary

This TAB provides a listing of acronyms found in this report. Additionally, the Glossary section provides definitions for selected technical terms that are not found in common usage.

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAD Anniston Army Depot
AAR after action report
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ACR armored cavalry regiment
AMC Army Materiel Command
ARCENT Army Central Command
ARL Army Research Lab
ASAP as soon as possible
ASG area support group
CARC chemical agent resistant coating
CCEP Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CHPPM Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine
CINCFOR Commander in Chief, Forces Command
CINCUSAREUR Commander in Chief, United States Army Europe
CNS central nervous system
CO carbon monoxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSC convoy support center
CWA chemical warfare agent
DA Department of the Army
DBA decibels, A-scale
DESCOM United States Army Depot Systems Command
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DLA Defense Logistics Agency
DoD Department of Defense
DS2 decontaminating solution number 2
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FSTV fire support team vehicle
HDI hexamethylene diisocyanate
HMMWV high mobility multi-wheeled vehicles
hp horsepower
IG inspector general
KKMC King Khalid Military City
KTO Kuwait theater of operations
lbs pounds
LNO liaison officer
LEL lower explosive (flammable) level in air
LOD line of duty
LTG lieutenant general
MDI methylene diisocyanate
MEB Marine expeditionary brigade
MIL SPEC military specification
MG major general
mg/m3 milligrams per cubic meter
MOPP mission oriented protective posture
MOS military occupational specialty
MSDS material safety data sheet
NCOIC non-commissioned officer in charge
NGB National Guard Bureau
NIOSH National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health
ODS/DS Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm
OIC officer in charge
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PAC Presidential Advisory Committee
PEL permissible exposure level
PPE personal protective equipment
PPM parts per million
PSA port support authority
PSI pounds per square inch
QPL qualified products list
REL recommended exposure level
SITREP situation report
SOP standard operating procedures
STEL short-term exposure limit
SUPCOM support command
TAA tactical assembly area
TF task force
TLV threshold limit value
USAEHA United States Army Environmental Hygiene Agency
USASG United States Army Support Group
USMC United States Marine Corps
VA Department of Veteran Affairs
VOC volatile organic compound


Acute health effect: An undesirable symptom or set of symptoms that is immediate and short-term.
Aerosolization: To bring a substance to a gaseous suspension of fine solid or liquid particles, such as with spraying paint.
Air-purifying respirator: A negative-pressure mask that uses filter cartridges to clean air for the user. The type of filter cartridge required varies based upon the expected contaminant.
Air-supplied respirator: A positive-pressure mask that takes in air through a hose. The air is provided by a powered compressor and exits the mask through vents.
Antigen: A substance that when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an antibody. Antigens include toxins, bacteria, and foreign blood cells.
Asthma: Chronic respiratory system disorder characterized by wheezing, coughing, and difficulty in breathing.
Bronchitis: An inflammation of the mucous lining of the bronchial tubes, which often causes coughing and sputum production.
Carbon monoxide: A colorless, odorless, highly poisonous gas, CO, formed by the incomplete combustion of carbon or a carbonaceous material, such as gasoline or oil in compressors.
Carcinogenic: A compound or material capable of causing cancer.
Chemical bronchitis: An inflammation of the mucous lining of the bronchial tubes brought on by exposure to an irritant substance.
Chemical sensitization: An individual who is hypersensitive or reactive to an antigen (e.g., toxins), especially through a second or repeated exposure. Also characterized as an allergic reaction to a chemical. Individuals spraying CARC without proper respiratory protection are at risk of chemical sensitization to hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI).
Chronic health effect: An undesirable symptom or set of symptoms lasting a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence.
Cooling vortex: An apparatus, used with some air-supplied respirators, that cools the air flowing into a respirator and paint suit. This improves the working conditions for a painter in a hot environment.
dBA: Unit of measure of sound measured on a sound level meter using the A-weighted network with slow meter response.
Hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI): A low-molecular-weight compound used in CARC as a resin to aid in the formation of the polyurethane.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: A condition in which lung tissue is highly sensitive and easily inflamed by certain stressors. This is a type of chronic pneumonia caused by a chemical or microorganism.
In-theater: Occurring in the Kuwait theater of operations.
Monomer: A simple molecule that can form polymers by combining identical or similar molecules
Occupational asthma: Variable airflow limitation due to causes and conditions that are attributable to a particular occupational environment, and not to stimuli outside the workplace.
Oligomer: See prepolymer
Organic vapor: The gaseous state of a carbon-based compound.
Personal protective equipment: A variety of equipment, such as respirators, gloves, and coveralls, that are designed to protect an individual from a known hazard.
Polymer: A naturally occurring or synthetic substance consisting of giant molecules formed from smaller molecules of the same substance and often having a definite arrangement of the components of the giant molecules
Positive pressure respirator: An air-supplied or powered air-purifying mask in which the pressure inside the mask is higher than the outside environment. Clean, supplied air constantly flows into the mask from an air hose for inhalation, while exhaled air exits the mask through vents.
Prepolymer: An intermediate building block of molecules eventually forming a polymer. Also called an oligomer.
Pre-filter: A device used with an air-supplied respirator that prevents large particulate matter and debris from entering an individual’s mask.
Pulmonary function test: A test performed to assess the lung strength and lung capacity of an individual. One use of this test is to screen and provide a baseline for individuals who will be wearing a respirator.
Raw material: An unprocessed natural substance used in manufacturing.
Reflectance properties: A characteristic of a material that refers to its ability to reflect certain wavelengths of radiation (e.g., light). Many CARCs have the characteristic of mimicking reflectance properties found in nature, thereby increasing the ability of equipment to evade enemy infrared detection.

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